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Show 102
DrTom's Angelfish Aquarium
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DrTom's Angelfish Aquarium contains about 55-gallons of water and about fifteen young Angelfish at the time that this video was recorded. The aquarium also contains one Bushynose Plecostomus, which is a member of the genus of catfish named Ancistrus.
The Complete Details about this Aquarium
The list just below gives details about all the equipment and supplies that were used to assemble this aquarium.
Owner DrTom Bailey
Location DrTom's basement in Point Loma, a suburb of San Diego, California. Point Loma is surrounded by San Diego Bay and the Pacific Ocean.
Size This aquarium contains about 80-gallons of freshwater.
Material This aquarium is made of acrylic plastic.
Dimensions Width from left to right 48", Height 20", Front to Back 16"
Filter Hi-Q Complete Cycle Filter System. This filter requires a layer of gravel about 3" deep. We decided to test this filter, otherwise this aquarium would have probably had two Penguin 350B Filters and the aquarium would have no gravel. Click here for more information about Hi-Q Filters.
Heater 250-watt Marineland Visi-Therm submersible Heater
Water at about 76 degrees F.
Installed Aquarium set up in October 2008
Videos Recorded during February 2009
Fish About fifteen Angelfish and one so-called Bushynose Plecostomus.
pH of the
7.6 to 7.9. A lower pH would be better for both types of fish. But they seem to be doing well in this water.
Four Ceramic Driftwood Logs and one Ceramic Quonset Hut 3" deep plus #2 size gravel labeled for use in aquariums. You could use any color of #2 size gravel that's labeled for use in aquariums. But the filter in this aquarium requires a layer of gravel about 3" deep.
Lighting Fixture containing two 36" 30-watt 4100K fluorescent bulbs, but usually one bulb is on and the other is off.
Timer Turns lights on at 10:00 am and turns off at 10:00 pm.
Made of hardwood with a black finish
Canopy Matches the aquarium stand
Magnetic Scrubber
Python Products siphon, water changing device
A set of 3 aquarium nets
A plastic 5-gallon utility bucket
When doing 10-gallon partial water change twice each week, just before adding replacement water from the faucet, a high quality Water Conditioner is added to the aquarium water to neutralize the chloramines in 10-gallons of tap water.
Food Premium Food Pellets and Flakes fed 3 to 5 times each day.
Maintenance 1. Use magnetic scrubber to clean inside surfaces of aquarium as needed.
2. 20% partial water changes twice a week, using Python to clean the gravel.
3. Rinse filter pads and scrub filter as needed.
The Fish Ten Angelfish and four Bushymouth Plecostomus Catfish.
At the time these videos were recorded this aquarium had been set up for about four months. It ran for about 10-days, before the fish were first added. This is much longer than usual and longer than needed. Usually it's a good idea to set up a new aquarium. Fill it with tap water and add water conditioner, then let it run for about three days. During that time the water will completely stabilize and the heater can be accurately adjusted to the preferred temperature. It's also a good idea to always let a new aquarium run for a few days to be sure that it will not leak or have any other problems, before adding the first fish.
The new Angelfish and Bushynose Plecostomus were small. The Angel's bodies were less than the size of a dime, and the Bushy was about 2" long. They've been eating a lot and growing fast. They should probably get two or three feedings a day, but they're getting four to six feedings, but each feeding is not too heavy. When they were small, they got premium flakes. But it wasn't too long before they could eat pellets made of the same premium food.
Each Angel has a different personality. Fast or slow, bright or not so bright, etc. They are fascinating to watch. It's revealing to pick out one of the angels, usually a different one each time, and just watch that Angel swim around in the aquarium, looking for food on the bottom, or interacting with the other Angels.
Shown just below are pictures of some of the Angelfish with brief comments about each.
In this picture you can see most of the 55-gallon aquarium with some of the the Angels, the Ceramic Driftwood Logs, and the gravel.
Just above: This is a Silver Veiltail Male Angel. He actually shows lots of green coloration, which is a surprise to DrTom. He also has lots of small red spots. This fish illustrates the fact that you never know what these Angelfish will grow-up to look like. Each one seems to be uniquely beautiful, especially when they are given very good care.
Above: Here is a Gold Veiltail Female Angel. Her body is a metallic gold coloration and her fins have orange stripes. She is very beautiful, very healthy, and very energetic.
Above: Here is Leopold a male Leopard Veiltail Angel.
This Angelfish is a Gold Marble Veiltail. Angelfish can 0, 1, or 2 genes for marble. If an Angel has 0 genes for marble, it will show no black marbling. With one gene for marble an Angel will show light marbling like the fish shown above. With two genes for marble, it will show heavy marbling like the Marbled Veiltail Angel that is shown just below. A lot is known about various Angelfish genes and the affects of those genes on the appearance of Angels.
Bushymouth Plecos
This 55-gallon aquarium also contain four so-called Bushymouth Plecos.
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This catfish, shown in the video just above, is a male Bushymouth Pleco, and he regularly scourers the gravel on the bottom of this aquarium for bits of food.
In the two pictures just below, you can see the big tubercles that have grown between his eyes and the shorter tubercles along edge of his mouth. This male is about 4" long and probably full grown.
Bushymouth Pleco - Ancistrus Plecostomus catfish species - a young mature male.
Bushymouth Pleco - Ancistrus Plecostomus catfish species - a young mature male.
Bushymouth Pleco - Ancistrus Plecostomus catfish species - a young mature female.
A female Bushymouth Pleco., like the one shown just above,  will sometimes have a few tubercles along the edge of her mouth. This female is now about 3.5" long and is nearly full grown.  
Sometimes the Bushymouths are called Bushynose or Bristlenose Plecos. All the Bushymouth Plecos. are in a genus named Ancistrus, and there are lots similar looking catfish in that genus.
Investigators say the tubercles have something to do with raising baby fish, which is the male's job, and apparently a female prefers to pair with a male with lots of big tubercles. Bushymouth Plecos. have been spawned in aquariums many times, but I haven't done it yet.
Three Beacon Plecostomus, Leporacanthicus triactis, L091
The Three Beacon Pleco.
This aquarium also has one so-called Three Beacon Plecostomus, shown just above. This is almost surely a fish that was collected from the wild in the Upper Orinoco River basin in Columbia and Venezuela in South America. This Pleco. was about 3" long and a resident of this aquarium, when I was given this aquarium. Now this Pleco. has grown to be about 5" or 6" long and is doing very well. In the beginning it stayed in a ceramic log-shaped ornament almost all the time. The opening in this ornament seems to just match this fish's cross-section.
Recently this Pleco. seems to be coming out of the ceramic log and moving around in the aquarium more often. Everybody who sees this fish, says "Ooooo" or "Ahhhh", and watches it for a while. Its tail and body are covered with spines, or perhaps they are more like bristles. It's a very interesting fish and a fun fish to watch. In the wild it ate caddis flies, snails, and freshwater sponges, which is a very odd diet, but in this aquarium it eats the premium food and does very well.
Concluding Remarks
This 55-gallon aquarium is a good size for keeping and raising these fish. A 30-gallon aquarium would have been be too small. These Angels do better in a big group like this one with 15-Angels. A common Trinidad Plecostomus can grow to 30" and would soon get too big for this and most other aquariums. The Bushymouth Plecos. are ideal.
This aquarium is very easy to care for. It's lots of fun and very enjoyable. It would be nice to add some plastic plants and Corydoras Catfish.
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